How Is Your Health?

Understanding A Few Different Types Of Physical Therapists

by Camila Davidson

If you have recently had an injury or illness and require physical therapy, then you should know that there are a few different types of professionals that you can see. And, the type of professional will depend on the injury that you have sustained. Keep reading to learn about a few of the more common types of professionals.


The term orthopedic refers to the muscles and joints in the body that allow for movement. So, if you have sustained a muscle, tendon, or joint injury or if you have recently gone through a joint replacement surgery, then the professional you want to see is an orthopedic physical therapist. This professional will work with you to help build strength and gain movement that is in line with your pre-injury state. If pre-injury strength is not possible, then the therapist will focus on your activities of daily living and how to ensure that you can complete tasks like bathing, feeding, and walking safely and independently.

Orthopedic physical therapists will use strength training and stretching exercises to assist you. And, while most of the work will often be completed within the physical therapy office, you will be asked to complete exercises at home. If mobility aides are needed, you also may need to practice their use.

Physical therapists will use exercise equipment, weights, and resistance ropes during appointments. The professionals will take a hands-on approach when it comes to therapy sessions, so be prepared for this when you schedule your appointments.


If you have recently had a heart attack or have been diagnosed with a cardiovascular disease, then you may be feeling tired and weak. This is due to the condition of your heart, lungs, and general circulation. Unfortunately, placing too much pressure on the heart can cause extensive and permanent damage. The good news is that you can safely strengthen the heart and lungs to increase endurance. This way, you can complete everyday tasks and even exercise without placing undue stress on your body.

A cardiopulmonary physical therapist is the professional who can assist with this. The therapist will work with you to complete progressively more challenging cardiovascular exercises while monitoring your vital signs and heart rate. 

Keep in mind that cardiopulmonary therapy will often need to be completed for many months after an injury or illness. However, with consistent therapy, you can increase your energy levels and strength to a point that you are completely independent and able to enjoy activities freely.

For more information, contact a physical therapist in your area.